Agency to announce suspected cause of 2022 bridge collapse over a Pittsburgh ravine


The city of Pittsburgh did not adequately maintain or repair a bridge and failed to act on inspection reports, leading to the corrosion of the structure’s steel legs and its collapse into a ravine more than two years ago, federal investigators said Wednesday.

The city-owned Forbes Avenue bridge fell down on Jan. 28, 2022, plunging a bus and four cars about 100 feet (30 meters) into the Fern Hollow Creek. Another vehicle drove off the east bridge abutment and landed on its roof.

After investigators presented their findings, three members of the National Transportation Safety Board agreed that poor inspections and insufficient oversight were among the probable causes of the collapse.

“The Fern Hollow Bridge collapse should never have happened,” NTSB chair Jennifer L. Homendy said.

Homendy cited extensive corrosion to the uncoated weathering steel and “repeated failures to act” on areas of bridge damage that were known for years. In some areas, the steel had deteriorated to the point where there were visible holes in the structure.

“The city of Pittsburgh was responsible for inspecting and maintaining the Fern Hollow bridge,” said NTSB senior structural engineer Dan Walsh. “Similar maintenance and repair recommendations were made in the inspection reports for more than 15 years leading up to the collapse. But the city failed to act on them, resulting in progressive corrosion to the point of failure.”

Homendy said four people were injured, two of them severely. No one died. The bridge collapsed just hours before President Joe Biden arrived in Pittsburgh to promote spending on infrastructure.

The office of Pittsburgh Mayor Ed Gainey said it was working to respond to a request for comment on the investigators’ findings.

The presentations expanded on findings released by the NTSB last May, when investigators said drainage problems led to the deterioration of the structure’s legs and that debris, dirt and leaves had not been cleared.

The old bridge was about 50 years old when it collapsed and had been under a 26-ton (24,000 kilograms) posted weight limit, with annual inspections required by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation since 2014. Investigators said a more accurate inspection would have reduced that to about 6,000 pounds (2,700 kilos), which may have required its closure.

The board played an animation of the collapse along with video from the bus, operated by the Port Authority of Allegheny County, now known as Pittsburgh Regional Transit. It showed the harrowing moments when the bridge began to fail and then dropped.

The failure began when a steel tie-plate on the bridge’s southwestern leg gave way because of corrosion and structural loss, said NTSB senior accident investigator Dennis Collins. The city also made improper load calculations, in part because paving records did not show the asphalt was twice as thick as inspectors believed, he said.

The city’s bridge inspection program did not identify all of the structure’s essential “fracture critical sections” that would require closer monitoring, Collins said.

Steel cables were added to shore up the bridge in 2009, but they were intended as a temporary solution and a long-term fix was not completed.

A new bridge at the site 5 miles (8 kilometers) east of downtown Pittsburgh opened to traffic in December 2022.


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